To what extent, and in what ways, do persistent poverty and socioeconomic inequality affect how democracy functions in Mexico today? What policies would be most effective in reducing such inequality?
Socioeconomic classes have segregated the people of Mexico ever since, and certainly before, 1910 (429). During this great “social revolution,” often considered the first of its kind, “nationwide civil conflict” erupted from the country’s ruling class who “saw their future opportunities for economic and political mobility blocked” (430) by the oppressive government at the time. Note that these social evolutions did not originate with the impoverished or the downtrodden, but instead those who desired the expansion of their own interests. This aside, democratic functions in Mexico have been hindered by the perpetuated inequalities between socioeconomic classes, and while this problem is not new, it is also certainly not going to pass on its own. The Mexican Federal Government needs to instate several strong policies to combat the following injustices.
The Mexican government undoubtedly has problems. Not only are they fighting a major drug war, but they have also previously been heavily impacted by economic crises, political instability, and a deep wealth gap among their citizens. These are not simply problems to rectify, but by following the aforementioned strategies, Mexico can see considerable improvement in the management of the economy, can stimulate both internal and international growth, and put an end to the socioeconomic injustices felt by so many of the Mexican people. In this way, the opportunity for true democracy can flourish.
Works cited: Wayne A Cornelius and Jeffrey A. Weldon, "Politics in Mexico." In G. Bingham Powell, Jr., Russell J Dalton, and Kaare Strom (eds.), Comparative Politics Today: A World View (Boston: Longman, 2012), 426-469.